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Atlantis

Greek: Ατλαντις
Where: Location unknown
Sources: Plato

The lost city of Atlantis.

The lost city of Atlantis.

Atlantis is thought to be a lost city that had a highly advanced civilization. It is one of the greatest mysteries of antiquity and has yet to be solved. Many people have spent years trying to find the exact location of this city but none have yet to discover it. The exact location of Atlantis is a highly debatable topic. Some believe Atlantis to be located in Greece, Spain, the middle of the Atlantic ocean and some think it to be as far as the Bahamas. Presently the lost city of Atlantis has captured the imagination of people from all over the world and has become a popular culture phenomenon with moviesresorts, books, television shows, music and more have all been written about Atlantis.

The only known evidence we have of Atlantis comes from Plato. Therefore, in believing that Atlantis was real we have to take what Plato wrote to be true. Atlantis is mentioned in two works by Plato: Timaeus and Critias. Plato claims that his accounts of Atlantis are based off of a visit to Egypt by the Athenian Solon, one of the seven wise men of Greece. He visited Egypt in the 6th century BC and was told by a priest there the history of ancient Athens and Atlantis. Solon was told that there existed an advanced and ideal society nine-thousands years before his time. According to Plato Atlantis was a large island (larger than Libya and Asia combined) in the Atlantic Ocean. Its control extended beyond the ‘Pillars of Heracles’ (Thought to be the strait of Gibraltar, separating modern day Spain and Morocco) as far as Egypt and Tyrrhenia (Italy). There was an incredible dynasty of Kings on the island that were said to be descendants of Poseidon himself. Then in one day and night Atlantis was destroyed by earthquakes and floods of extraordinary violence.The island was swallowed up by the sea and vanished, never to be seen again.

The most plausible locations for Atlantis are believed to be the island of Santorini or Knossos, both in Greece. Both civilizations were destroyed by the volcanic eruption on Santorini in the 14th Century BC. The circular shape of Santorini provides further speculation that this could have been the island mentioned by Plato. However no mention of the name Atlantis has been found on the island, which is why it is believed that the name Atlantis was thought up of by Solon. As well, the account of Atlantis having been around 9,000 years prior is also thought to be a mix-up in translation and instead 900 years prior is thought to be correct, therefore placing the exact date in history that Atlantis existed to be during the 14th century BC, exactly when the Thera Eruption occurred.

History Channel – Lost Worlds – Atlantis (Complete Documentary):

Mystery Quest: The Lost City of Atlantis:

 

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