Category Archive: Ancient Greece

Ancient Olympic Games

Runners at the Olympic Games.

Greek: Ολυμπιακοι αγωνες στην αρχαιοτητα Where: Olympia, Peloponnese Time Period: 776 BC – 393 BC (1,169 years) Participants: Free men who spoke Greek from Greek City-States The Olympic Games of ancient Greece were a series of athletic competitions held for representatives of various Greek city-states in honour of Zeus. Theybegan in 776 BC in Olympia until they were suppressed in 393 AD by …

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Pythagoras

The statue of Pythagoras in Samos.

Greek: Πυθαγορας Who: A philosopher and mathematician. Born: 570 BC Died: 495 BC (aged 75) Birthplace: Samos Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek mathematician and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. He was a great mathematician, mystic and scientist and was labeled as “the most able philosopher” among the Greeks and known as the”father of numbers”. What we know of …

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Ancient Greek Theatre

The theatre at Epidaurus.

Greek: Αρχαιο Ελληνικο Θεατρο Dramatic Genres: Tragedy, Comedy and Satyr Major Playwrights: Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripedes Major Theatres: Epidaurus and Dionysus Ancient Greek theatre was the most popular form of entertainment in Ancient Greece. The Greeks helped spread theatre to its many colonies and allies to help promote a common cultural identity, which is why theatres can be found as far …

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Hippocrates of Kos

Hippocrates of Kos.

Greek: ‘Ιπποκρατης Who: An ancient Greek physician considered the father of western medicine. Born: 460 BC Died: 370 BC (90 Years old) Field: Physician Known as: Father of Medicine Hippocrates of Kos was an ancient Greek physician who lived during the 5th and 4th centuries BC and is considered the father of medicine for his outstanding work in the field of medicine. He founded …

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Zeus

The Jupiter de Smyrne, 
discovered in Smyrna in 1680.

Greek: Διας Who: The Father of Gods and men in ancient Greek religion. Birthplace: Crete Attributes: Eagle, Bull, Oak and Thunderbolt Siblings: Hestia, Hades, Hera, Poseidon and Demeter Children: Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Heracles, Perseus, ect. In Greek mythology Zeus is the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and of the Pantheon of gods that lived there. He upheld law, justice and morals and controlled thunder, …

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Colossus of Rhodes

Colossus of Rhodes by Martin Heemskerck (16th century).

Greek: Κολοσσος της Ροδου What: A statue built in ancient Greece. Built: 292 – 280 BC Located: Rhodes, Greece Height: 30 meters (107 ft) Material: Iron tie bars and brass plates Destroyed: 226 BC by an earthquake The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Helios that was built on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos sometime in the …

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Magna Graecia

Map of Magna Graecia (Greater Greece).

Greek: Μεγαλη ‘Ελλας What: The area in Southern Italy that was colonized by Greeks in ancient Greece. Translates to: “Greater Greece” (Greeks in Italy) Colonized: 8th and 7th Centuries BC Major Cities: Syracuse, Naples, Sybaris, Croton and Bari Magna Graecia or “Greater Greece” is the name given to the coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Tarentine Gulf that was colonized by ancient Greek settlers …

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Sappho

In the Days of Sappho by Godward.

Greek: Σαπφω Who: An ancient Greek lyric poet. Born: Sometime between 630 and 612 BC Died: 570 BC From: Lesbos Field: Poet Sappho was an ancient Greek female lyric poet from the 7th and 6th centuries BC, born on the island of Lesbos. She is included in the list of the nine lyric poets, which was a list of archaic Greek composers esteemed by …

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Alexander the Great

Alexander fighting the Persian king Darius III.

Greek: Μεγας Αλεξανδρος Who: A Greek king of the kingdom of Macedon. Born: 356 BC Died: 323 BC (32 years) Lived:Pella, Macedon Alexander III of Macedon, popularly known to history as Alexander the Great, was an Ancient Greek king of Macedon. He was one of the most successful military commanders of all time and it is presumed that he was undefeated …

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Trireme

A drawing of a trireme.

Greek: Τριηρης What: An ancient Greek vessel. Speed: 6-8 knots Crew: 200 people (170 rowers) Length: 110 feet Construction: 6000 man-days of labor A trireme was a naval warship that was used by the ancient Greeks for naval battles and for traveling. The term trireme means “three-oarer” because there were three rows of oars on each side. It was the dominant ship from the 7th to 4th …

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