Category Archive: Ancient Greece

Lions in Ancient Greece

Lion hunt mosaic from Pella.

Greek: λιονταρια στην Αρχαια Ελλαδα Name: European Lion (Panthera leo europaea) Lived: Northern and Central Greece Became Extinct: 80-100 AD European Lions were an important aspect of Ancient Greece. They were mostly found in northern Greece, in Macedonia, but also as far south as Central Greece. They are considered to be part of the Asiatic lion family, although some think that they …

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365 Crete Earthquake

365 Crete Earthquake from Ring of C

Greek: 365 Κρητη Σεισμος When: July 21, 365 AD Size: Higher than an 8 on the Richter scale The 365 AD Crete earthquake was anundersea earthquake with an assumed epicentre near Crete. It was higher than an 8 on the Richter Scale and caused widespread destruction in central and southern Greece, northern Libya, Egypt, Cyprus, and Sicily. The earthquake wasfollowed …

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The Parthenon atop the Acropolis in Athens (2010).

Greek: Παρθενων What: A temple built on the Acropolis in Athens in ancient Greece. Location: Athens Built: 432 BC Years to build: 8 The Parthenon is a temple that sits atop the Acropolis in central Athens. It was built in 432 BC and was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the protector of the city of Athens. It was a place of worship …

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Helike buried beneath the ground. Source: The Helike Project, 2001.

Greek: Ελικη What: An ancient Greek city destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BC. Location: Achaea, Peloponnesus Destroyed: 373 BC by an earthquake Re-discovered: 2001 Helike was an ancient Greek citythat sank at night in the winter of 373 BC. It was located in Achaea in Northern Peloponnesus and was founded during the Bronze Age. It was a prominent city, serving as the head of the …

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Phillip II of Macedon

King Philip II of Macedon.

Greek: Φιλιππος Who: Was a Greek King of Macedon from 359BC to 336BC. Born: 382 B.C. Died: 336 B.C. (46 years old) Place of birth: Aigai, Macedonia Field: King of Macedon of the Argead Dynasty Philip II was a Greek king of Macedon from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC. Philip was the youngest son of the king Amyntas III. In his …

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Aesop’s Fables

Aesop's Fables have been retold
countless times over the years.

Greek: Αισωπος Μυθοι What: A collection of fables created by Aesop in ancient Greece. Written: 5th century B.C. Aesop’s Fables is a collection of fables credited by Aesop (620-560 BC), a slave and story-teller who lived during the sixth century B.C. in Ancient Greece. Aesop’s Fables were brief and most involved anthropomorphic animals (animals with human traits). His fables are some of the most …

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Library of Alexandria

Library of Alexandria.

Greek: Βιβλιοθηκη της Αλεξανδρειας What: The Library of Alexandria was one of the most significant libraries of the ancient world. Built: 4th century B.C. Destroyed: 391 A.D. Located: Alexandria, Egypt Manuscripts: 700,000 at its height The Library of Alexandria was one of the greatest libraries of the Ancient World and held an extensive archive of books and manuscripts from all of the known World. …

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Ancient Greek Music

The lyre depicted in 
Ancient Greek Pottery.

Greek: Αρχαιο Ελληνικη μουσικη Surviving music: 60 fragments (only 1 complete piece) Performed at: theatres, festivals and at home Instruments: Lyra, Kithara, barbitos, lute, syrinx and the hydraulis Through surviving pottery, fragments of rock and papyrus we are able to get a glimpse into the music of Ancient Greece. Only 60 fragments of music have survived from ancient Greece. Fortunately, the ancient …

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Archimedes by Domenico Fetti (1620)

Greek: Αρχιμηδης Who: Archimedes was an Inventor, Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer and astronomer Born: 287 B.C. Died: 212 B.C. (75 years) Lived: Syracuse, Sicily (of Magna Graecia) Archimedes of Syracuse was born in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily, at that time a colony of Magna Graecia (Greater Greece). He is considered to be one of the smartest people to have ever lived, …

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