Category Archive: Bronze Age

Cycladic Civilization

A statuette from the Cycladic civilization.

Greek: Κυκλαδικος Πολιτισμος Time Period: 3000 BC-1100 BC Geographical Area: Cycladic islands The Cycladic Civilization was a civilization that lived in the region of the Cycladic Islands during the Bronze Age. During this time the Minoan civilization was living on the island of Crete and the Helladic civilization (the ancient Greeks) were living on the Greek mainland. The Cycladic people were highly skilled maritime …

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Agamemnon

The mask of Agamemnon.

Greek: Αγαμεμνονας Who: The king of Mycenae in the 12th Century BC. Lived: During the Trojan War (early 12th Century BC) Position: King of Mycenae Brother to: Menelaus, King of Sparta Agamemnon, a character of Greek mythology, was the son of King Atreus of Mycenae and Queen Aerope. He would eventually take to throne of Mycenae (also known as Argos) …

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Jason and the Golden Fleece

Jason and the Golden Fleece.

Greek: Χρυσομαλλον Δερας What: Characters from Greek mythology. Date: 1,300 BC Hometown: Iolcus, Thessaly Journey to: Colchis (Modern day Georgia) Jason and the Golden Fleece is a tale of a young man, Jason, whom was told he could be King of the throne of Iolcus (modern day Volos in Thessaly) if he could find the Golden Fleece. Jason was an ancient Greek mythological figure …

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The Iliad

The Iliad of Homer.

Greek: Ιλιαδα What: An ancient Greek epic poem written by Homer. Author: Homer Written: 8th Century BC Takes Place: 1194-1184 BC Length:15,000 lines of dactylic hexameter The Iliad is an epic poem written in the 8th century BC by Homer. It takes place during the Trojan war, a ten-year siege of Troy by the Greeks led by Agamemnon. It is among the oldest pieces of …

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Achilles

Triumph of Achilles in Corfu Achilleion by Franz Matsch (1892).

Greek: Αχιλλευς Who: A Greek hero of the Trojan War. Lived: 12th Century B.C. Field: Greek warrior Achilles is a Greek hero from the Trojan War. He was the son of thenymph Thetis and Peleus. When Achilles was born Tethis dipped him in the river Styx in order to make him immortal. However, she held him by the one foot and was …

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Thera Eruption

Thera (Santorini) eruption in 1950.

Greek: Θηρα εκρηξη What: The Thera eruption was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption. Erupted: 1630 B.C. Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI): 6.9 The Thera eruption (modern day Santorini) was one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth in the past ten thousands years. The eruption destroyed the Minoan settlement of Akrotiri on the island, as well as the coasts of many nearby islands and mainland Greece. …

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Knossos

The Palace of Knossos Reconstructed.

Greek: Κνωσος What: Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and is the political centre of the Minoan civilization. Built: 1700 B.C. – 1400 B.C. The Palace of Knossos was the centre of the Minoan Civilization that flourished on the island of Crete from the 18th-15th centuries B.C.. It was a vast palace that was used as a …

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The Odyssey

Odysseus by Jacob Jordaens (1600's).

Greek: Οδυσσεια What: The Odyssey is one of the two major ancient Greek poems (the other being the Iliad) written by Homer. Author: Homer Written: 8th Century BC Takes Place: 1178 BC Length:12,110 lines of dactylic hexameter The Odyssey was an epic poem written in the 8th century BC by the poet Homer. It told the tale of theGreek hero Odysseus and his journey home …

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