Category Archive: Modern Greece

The Greek Islands

Map of the Greek Islands.

Greek: Ελληνικα Νησια Numbers of Islands: over 5,000 Islands with more than 100 inhabitants: 78 Largest Island: Crete The Greek Islands are a collection of over 5,000 islands and islets that belong to Greece. Only 227 of the islands are inhabited, and only 78 of those have more than 100 inhabitants. The largest Greek island by area is Crete at 8,336 km located in …

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Greece in World War II

Greece - World War II.

Greek: Ελλαδα Β’ Παγκοσμιος Πολεμος Major Victories: Greco-Italian War Casualties: 400,000 During the outbreak of World War II in September, 1939, Greece had maintained a neutral position. However there was constant pressure from Italy, who were allied with Germany, as they were looking for their first victory of the war. Then, on October 28, 1940 Ioannis Metaxas, the Dictator of Greece, wasgiven …

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Mikis Theodorakis

Mikis Theodorakis composing at one of his many shows.

Greek: Μικης Θεοδωρακης Who: Composer and songwriter. Birthplace: Chios, Greece Born: July 29, 1925 Mikis Theodorakis is one of the greatest composers and song writers in Modern Greece. He is most popularly known for his score in the film Zorba the Greek, which has become one of the most popular Greek songs. Theodorakis spent his early years on the Greek countryside becoming familiar …

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Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis.

Greek: Νικος Καζαντζακης Who: Poet, novelist, essayist, philosopher, playwright, travel writer. Born: February 18, 1883 Died: October 26, 1957 (aged 74) Birthplace: Heraklion, Crete (formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, now Greece) Nikos Kazantzakis was arguably the most important and most translated Greek writer and philosopher of the 20th century. He was an influential figure in Greece and it wasn’t until the …

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Volcanoes in Greece

Map of volcanoes in Greece.

Greek: Ηφαιστεια Στην Ελλαδα Number of Volcanoes in Greece: 8 Last eruption: 1950 on the island of Santorini. Volcanoes have shaped the Greek landscape for thousands of years, with one of the biggest eruptions occurring on the island of Santorini 3,500 years ago. There are a total of 8 volcanoes in Greece occupying the islands of the Aegean Sea. They are located …

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The Great Fire of Smyrna

The Smyrna Catastrophe Painting by Vasilis Bottas.

Greek: Καταστροφη της Σμυρνης What: A fire that destroyed much of the city of Smyrna. When: September 1922 Deaths: In the tens of thousands Refugees: 400,000 Greeks and Armenians The Great Fire of Smyrna was a fire thatdestroyed much of the port city of Smyrna (now Izmir) in September 1922. The fire is reported to have began on 13 September 1922 and lasted …

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Athens 1896 Olympics

Games of the I Olympiad.

Greek: Αγωνες της I Ολυμπιαδας Stadium: Panathinaiko Stadium Opening and Closing Ceremony: April 6 – April 15 Nations Participating: 14 Athletes Participating: 241 Most successful competitor: Carl Shuhmann, 4 gold medals. The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in Athens, Greece. It was the first Olympic Games held in …

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Corinth Canal

Corinth Canal.

Greek: Διωρυγα της Κορινθου Built: 1881-1893 Architects: Hungarian’s Istvan Turr and Bela Gerster Length: 3.9 miles (6.3 km) The Corinth Canal is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. The canal was built to create a shortcut for boats to use, instead of taking the 400 kilometre long journey around Peloponnesus. The canal was finished in …

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Greek Cuisine

Souvlaki, fries, bread and salad.

Greek: Ελληνικν Κουζινα Common dishes: tyropita, moussaka, gyro, fasolada, Greek salad, etc. Known for: Feta, olives, olive oil, tzatziki, etc. Greek cuisine is the traditional cuisine of Greece, a typical Mediterranean cuisine, sharing characteristics with the cuisines of Italy, the Balkans, Anatolia, and the Middle East. Describing Greek cuisine in a few short paragraphs would not do it justice, go out …

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Greece in the First Balkan War

First Balkan Wars.

Greek: Η Ελλαδα στο Α Βαλκανικος Πολεμος Date: October 8, 1912 – May 30, 1913 Location: Balkan Peninsula Result: Balkan League victory, Treaty of London Balkan League: Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro Greeks Killed: 3,910 (23,500 wounded) The First Balkan War was a war fought between the”Balkan League” consisting of Greece allied with Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro against the Ottoman Empire that began on …

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