Category Archive: Modern Greece

Greek Earthquakes

Earthquake plates that run through Greece.

Greek: Ελληνικο σεισμος Plates in Greece: Eurasia, Aegean and Anatolia Major Earthquakes: 1999 Athens, 1953 Ionian and 365 Crete Greece is one of the world’s most seismically active countries. Most of the earthquakes that occur are relatively mild but there is always the potential for more severe earthquakes. Thus, modern Greek buildings are built to be safe during earthquakes. Most of …

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Cyprus Dispute

Map of Cyprus showing the divided
Northern and Southern regions.

Greek: Κυπριακη Διαφορ&alpha What: Illegal occupation of Northern Cyprus by Turkey When: 1974 The Cyprus dispute is a conflict between Greek-Cypriots, Turkish-Cypriots and Turkey over Cyprus, an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Since the arrival of the British on Cyprus in 1878, the Cyprus Dispute was identified as the conflict between the people of Cyprus and the United Kingdom …

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Theodoros Kolokotronis

Theodoros Kolokotronis.

Greek: Θεοδωρος Κολοκοτρωνης Who: One of the leaders of the Greek War of Independence. Born: April 3, 1770 Died: February 4, 1843 Raised: Libovitsi in Arcadia Nickname: The Elder of Moreas Theodoros Kolokotronis was one of the leaders of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. He was born in Ramavouni, Messenia and wasraised in Libovitsi, Arcadia. Kolokotronis, along …

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Greece National Football Team

Greece celebrating their 2004 Euro Cup victory.

Greek: Εθνικη World Cup Appearances: 1994, 2010 Euro Cup Appearances: 1980, 2004, 2008 Achievements: Greek National team wins the Euro Cup in 2004 Highest FIFA ranking: 8 (April 2008 – June 2008) Top Scorer: Nikos Anastopoulos (29) The Greece national football team is governed by the Hellenic Football Federation. The team is known as”Ethniki” which literally translates to “national”. Their official colours are blue and white and …

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Greek: Καραγκιοζης What: A shadow puppet and fictional character of Greek folklore. Created: 19th century What: Shadow Puppet Theatre Karagiozis is a shadow puppet and fictional character of Greek folklore. He is the main character of the tales narrated in the Greek shadow-puppet theatre. He was hellenized in Patras, Greece in the end of 19th century by Dimitrios Sardounis, who is considered the founder of …

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Pontic Greeks

Pontic Greek man from Trebizond
in traditional clothes.

Greek: Ελληνες του Ποντοu Who: An ethnically Greek group who lived in the region of Pontus (modern day northern Turkey). Region: Pontus in Modern Day Turkey Population: 3,000,000 The Pontian Greeks are an ethnic group of Greek speaking peoplefrom the Pontus region of the Black Sea (what is now modern day Turkey). They have been living in that region since 800 B.C. settling first in …

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Elefterios Venizelos

Elefterios Venizelos.

Greek: Ελευθεριος Βενιζελος Who: Prime Minister of Greece from 1910 to 1920 and again from 1928 to 1932. Born: 1864 What: 1936 (72 years old) Place of birth: Crete Eleftherios Venizelos is one of the greatest figures of modern Greece and is considered to be the “maker of Modern Greece”. He was elected several times as the Prime Minister of Greece and served from 1910 to …

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Greek War of Independence

Greek War of Independece oil Painting 
by Theodoros Vryzakis.

Greek: Ελληνικη Επανασταση Official Day of Independence: Mach 25, 1821 Population of new state in 1821: 800,000 The Greek War of Independence was a war fought by the Greek Revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830. Since the fall of Constantinople in 1453 most of Greece had come under Ottoman rule and for the next 400 years attempts were made by the Greeks to …

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Melina Mercouri

Melina Mercouri.

Greek: Μελινα Μερκουρι Who: Melina Mercouri was an actress, singer, fighter of the resistance movement, and politician. Born: October 18, 1920 in Athens Died: March 6, 1994 (73 years old) Melina Mercouri is considered one of the greatest female figures of Greece. Mercouri has appeared in numerous movies receiving international fame with Never on a Sunday, Phaedra, Topkapi and Promise at Dawn. She was …

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Rio-Antirrio Bridge

Rio-Antirrio Bridge.

Greek: Γεφυρα Ριου-Αντιρριου What: The world’s longest multi-span cable-stayed bridge linking the Peloponnese to mainland Greece. Completed: 2004 Total cost: 630,000,000 euros Total length: 2,880 meters Cost to cross by car: 12.20 euros The Rio-Antirrio bridge is the World’s longest multi-span cable-stayed bridge crossing the Gulf of Corinth near Patras, connecting the town of Rio to Antirrio, from the Peloponnese to mainland …

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