Greek: Διωρυγα της Κορινθου
Architects: Hungarian’s Istvan Turr and Bela Gerster
Length: 3.9 miles (6.3 km)
The Corinth Canal is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. The canal was built to create a shortcut for boats to use, instead of taking the 400 kilometre long journey around Peloponnesus. The canal was finished in 1893 officially separating the Pelopnnesian peninsula from the Greek mainland and making Peloponnesus officially an island, something the ancient Greeks had mistakenly thought after naming it (nisos means island in Greek).
Creating the canal has been a dream of the Greeks for over two and a half thousand years. Because such a task was deemed nearly impossible for the ancient Greeks they had instead decided to build a track system (named Diolkos; meaning “a moveable platform” in Greek) to effectively carry the boats over the Greek mainland to the other side. This track would take nearly two whole days to carry a boat over, of which the remains can still be seen to this day. For years it had been a dream of many to build the canal. Periander in the 7th Century BC, Diadoch Demetrius in the 3rd Century BC and even Julius Caesar all had aspirations to build a canal. But it wasn’t until the 1880′s that such a dream would be realized and in 1881 work had officially begun. After the successful opening of the Suez Canal the dream appeared more real.
An estimated 11,000 ships per year travel through the waterway, most of them full of tourists. When the canal was originally built it was meant to allow all boats to pass through, but unfortunately due to its narrow width of 24 metres (79 feet) it is too narrow for modern day ships that are built too large to pass through. One main bridge crosses overhead while at both ends seashore roads cross using submersible bridges that are lowered to allow ships to pass through. Sometimes, when the bridge rises, fish are caught and come up with the bridge as kids run to collect them.
Robbie Madison Jumping the Corinth Canal on his Motorbike: